EV Zone – All About Electric Vehicles

From public transportation to e-scooters: The entire transport industry is turning electric
An interesting EV trend analysed by EV Zone that appeared already in 2020 and continues to gain on importance relating to public transportation and shared economy.

EV ZONE aims to support this trend and provide you with all the information that you need to know about the EV market and its expected growth for 2023 and beyond

The largest number of electric two-wheelers/three-wheelers is in Asia, especially in China, with 9.5 million registrations out of 10 million in 2021. Vietnam and India are strong markets for two/three electric bikes. The market is also growing in Europe, where it will reach 5% of the market in 2021.

Many electric car manufacturers are planning to increase their production capacity of electric cars due to the positive increase in global political policy. This is really good news for the market as a whole, because it means that the supply of electric cars will be able to find demand.

  • ZAPBATT introduces battery operating system for Toshiba’s lithium titanium oxide technology

    Battery manufacturer ZAPBATT has developed its Battery Operating System (bOS) in a strategic partnership with Toshiba, initially focused on Toshiba’s battery SCiB lithium titanium oxide (LTO) chemistry for integration across several applications, including EVs. ZAPBATT’s bOS is a battery management system, which enables the adoption of optimal battery chemistries without significant investment in battery infrastructure… Read more »
  • Daimler/Traton/Volvo JV opens heavy-duty EV charging hubs in France and Sweden

    Milence, an EV charging joint venture of Daimler Truck, the TRATON Group and Volvo, has expanded its operations to the French and Swedish markets. In late 2023, Milence opened its first charging hub in Venlo, the Netherlands. Now the company has opened a charging hub in Heudebouville, 40 km south of the city of Rouen…. Read more »
  • EV lithium consumption rises 40% in 2023, led by Europe and Americas

    Adamas Intelligence data shows that 408,214 tonnes of lithium carbonate equivalent (LCE) were deployed globally in new passenger EV batteries last year, up by 40% from 2022. Europe and the Americas accounted for 40% of global deployment, rising by 38% to 163,423 tons in 2023. Across the three continents, Tesla took the top spot with… Read more »
  • Synop’s new Fleet Driver Mobile App streamlines charging access for fleet EVs

    EV fleet solution provider Synop has launched a new app designed to further streamline EV charge management for its customers. The new Fleet Driver Mobile App will provide Managed Access Charging functionality to EV fleets. Synop’s fleet customers typically give their drivers RFID cards that grant them access to on-site chargers. However, these cards are… Read more »
  • ORNL researchers work to enhance EV charging reliability

    As driver uncertainty about access to EV charging remains a barrier to broader EV adoption, researchers at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) are developing algorithms and multilayered communication and control systems designed to make EV chargers operate more reliably, even during electrical grid voltage drops or disturbances. Researchers have identified two key causes of… Read more »

EV ZONE – Glossary of the EV (Electric Vehicle) world

EV (Electric Vehicle): A broad category that includes all vehicles that are fully powered by Electricity or an Electric Motor.

BEV (Battery Electric vehicle): Also known as an “All-electric” vehicle BEV’s utilize energy that is stored in rechargeable battery packs. BEV’s sustain their power through the batteries and therefore must be plugged into an external electricity source in order to recharge.

EVD: Electric Vehicle Driver

Regenerative braking: A method of breaking used by EV in which energy from the braking of the vehicle is stored and used.

ICE (Internal Combustion Engine): An ICE is powered by combustible fuel, often petroleum or natural gas products.

ICEV (Internal Combustion Engine Vehicle): All vehicles that are powered by Fossil Fuels are ICEVs.

HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicles): An HEV utilizes a dual system of electric propulsion and an internal combustion engine.

PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles): PHEVs contain a battery that is able to be charged with an external electric power source, PHEV’s are a mixture of all electric vehicles and ICEV’s.

NEV (Neighborhood Electric Vehicle): BEV’s that are limited to streets with lower speed limits, typically around 45mph. NEV’s are all-electric and can be recharged using a standard outlet.

EREV (Extended-range electric vehicles): Vehicles that have the ability to run on a gasoline engine if the battery gets low

EVB (Electric Vehicle Battery): A battery that is used to power the movement of a BEV.

AC (Alternating Current): A charge of electricity that regularly changes direction, which is the kind of power that comes from the power plant to homes and businesses.

DC (Direct Current): A charge of electricity that flows in one direction and is the type of power that comes from a battery.

AER (All-Electric Range): The range any EV is able to reach solely using electricity.

Range Anxiety: Worry or stress that is caused due to the fear that an electric car will run out of battery power before the destination is reached.

kW (Kilowatt): A unit of electric power.

EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment): Infrastructure designed to supply power to EVs. EVSE can charge a wide variety of EVs including BEVs and PHEVs.

Level 1 Charging: Charging your EV using a common household outlet up to 120v. Level 1 is the slowest method of charging and can take up to 24 hours or more to full charge your EV.

Level 2 Charging: Charges your EV at 240v using an installed outlet. Level 2 chargers are the most recommended chargers to EV owners. Depending on your EV model and charger, Level 2 can give you vehicle 5x as quickly as Level 1 which translates to up to 26 miles per hour of charging.

Level 3 Charging: Also known as DC charging, the fastest method of charging for all EVs. It can fully charge an EV battery in about half an hour. Level three chargers are currently rare as they’re very expensive and require more power.

JEVS G105-1993: Also known as CHAdeMO, it is a method developed to quickly charge Electric Vehicles through the use of a special adapter that delivers up to 62.5 kW. This is used in Japan.

SAE J1772: The standard North American electrical connection for Electric Vehicles. Generally works with Level 1 and Level 2 systems.

IEC 62196: Also known as the Mennekes, it is a type of connectors that is used to charge Electric Vehicles in Europe.

Combined Charging System: Another method to quickly charge electric vehicles through a special electric connection. CCSs often use the SAE J1772, which is the North American electrical standard for Electric Vehicles.

Tesla Supercharger: A super-fast charging system that can provide up to 120 kW directly to the car’s battery. Currently these systems are only available to Teslas.

Charge Circuit Interrupting Device (CCID): A safety protection component within an EVSE that reduces the chance of a person getting an electric shock.

V2G (Vehicle-to-grid): A system that allows Electric Vehicles to communicate with the power grid to manage the flow of electricity in either direction.

GHG (Green House Gas): A gas such as Carbon Dioxide that contributes to global warming through the absorption of infrared radiation.

Off Peak Charging: Charging your electrical vehicle at certain lowest cost off-peak hours.

Battery Management System: An electronic system within the Vehicle that manages and protects the battery.

LIB (Lithium-ion battery): Also known as a Li-ion, it is a common rechargeable battery.

VRLA battery (valve-regulated lead-acid battery): A rechargeable lead-acid battery.

NiMH (Nickel Metal Hydride): A less reliable rechargeable battery.

Molten salt battery: A type of battery that utilizes molten salts as an electrolyte.

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