Ev drones are a type of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) that use electric propulsion systems to fly and perform various tasks. Ev drones can be operated remotely by human pilots or autonomously by artificial intelligence (AI). Ev drones have many advantages over conventional UAVs, such as lower noise, lower emissions, longer endurance, and higher maneuverability. Ev drones can also be equipped with different payloads, such as cameras, sensors, weapons, or electronic warfare devices.
The Use of Ev Drones in Combat Locations
One of the potential applications of ev drones is in combat locations, where they can provide various benefits for military forces and rebel groups. Ev drones can be used for reconnaissance, surveillance, target acquisition, strike, counter-UAV, and electronic warfare missions. Ev drones can also reduce the risk of casualties and collateral damage by minimizing human involvement and increasing precision and accuracy.
A drone swarm is a group of drones that can operate autonomously and cooperatively without human intervention or central control. They can communicate with each other and share information to achieve a common goal, such as attacking a target, performing surveillance, or exploring an environment. Drone swarms can also adapt to changing situations and environments, and use collective intelligence to overcome challenges.
Drone swarms have many advantages over single drones or centrally controlled drones. They can be more robust, scalable, flexible, and efficient. They can also create more complex and dynamic behaviors and formations, such as the impressive starling murmurations in nature
However, drone swarms also pose some challenges and risks. They can be difficult to design, test, and verify. They can also raise ethical and legal concerns, especially when used for military purposes or autonomous attacks. Some people may fear that drone swarms could become uncontrollable or unpredictable, or that they could harm innocent civilians or violate human rights.
Some examples of ev drones that have been used or developed for combat purposes are:
- STM Kargu-2: A rotary-wing attack drone loitering munition system manufactured by the STM defense company of Turkey. It can be operated both autonomously and manually and uses machine learning and real-time image processing to identify and engage targets. It was reportedly used by the Government of National Accord (GNA) forces against the Libyan National Army (LNA) forces in Libya in March 2020.
- Wing Loong II: A medium-altitude long-endurance (MALE) strike-reconnaissance drone developed by the Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group of China. It can carry up to 12 air-to-surface missiles or bombs and has a range of 4,000 km and an endurance of 32 hours. It was reportedly supplied by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to the GNA forces in Libya and to the Ethiopian government in its conflict with the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) rebels.
Ev drones are likely to become more prevalent and sophisticated in the future as technology advances and warfare evolves. Ev drones may offer new opportunities and challenges for military strategy, tactics, ethics, and law. Ev drones may also pose new threats and risks for civilian populations, human rights, and international security.